Common Name: bermudagrass
Species: Cynodon dactylon (L.) Pers.
Bayer Code: CYNDA

Bermudagrass is a medium- to fine-textured warm-season turfgrass that spreads by rhizomes and stolons. It has excellent heat, drought, and salt tolerance but does not do well in shade. Bermudagrass is the most widely used species on athletic fields and golf course fairways/tee boxes due to its high wear tolerance and rapid recovery. It can also be a very invasive and hard to control weed in some turf settings. Bermudagrass can be confused with nimblewill. However, nimblewill has a membranous ligule, which can be distinguished from the hairy ligule of bermudagrass. Bermudagrass is also often confused with zoysiagrass, but zoysiagrass has hairs standing upright on the leaf blade, whereas bermudagrass does not. Zoysiagrass is also stiff to the touch and offers more resistance to your hand than bermudagrass. Zoysiagrass leaf vernation is rolled whereas bermudagrass leaf vernation is folded. There are many different hybrids of bermudagrass that range from fine to coarse in leaf texture. As a weed, bermudagrass is sometimes referred to as wiregrass.
bermudagrass
[Click on image to view plant details]
bermudagrass seedhead
bermudagrass ligule, auricle
bermudagrass vernation
bermudagrass leaf blade
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CharacteristicTypeDescription
Seedhead / Flower raceme3-5 spikes that join at the top of a main stem.
Vernation Type foldedleaves folded in the bud
Ligule Type fringe of hairsfringe of hairs 0.04 - 0.12 inches (1 - 3 mm) long
Growth Season / Life Cycle warm season turf OR perennial weed 
Auricle Type absent 
Leaf Blade Tip Shape sharp-pointedsparsely hairy, edges rough, leaf blade soft
Leaf Blade Width narrow, less than 0.1 in0.06 - 0.1 inches (1.5 - 3 mm) wide
Stolon Presence presentstout
Rhizome Presence presentstout
Collar Type continuousnot hairy, may be hairy on edges
Sheath Margin open 
Sheath Type flattened OR roundsheath is sparsely hairy; flattened to round, loose