Common Name: ivy, ground
Species: Glechoma hederacea L.
Bayer Code: GLEHE

Ground ivy is a perennial with creeping stems, which root at the node. It forms dense patches and thrives in both sun and shade. The leaves are scalloped along the margin, heavily veined and rough on the upper surface. Funnel-shaped blue to violet flowers are found in clusters in leaf axils and occur in the spring. Ground ivy is similar to henbit in some respects but roots at stem nodes whereas henbit does not. Common mallow is also similar but has round stems and alternate leaves.
ground ivy
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ground ivy seedling
ground ivy
ground ivy
ground ivy stolon
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CharacteristicTypeDescription
Growth Season perennial weed 
Growth Habit prostrate, spreadingstems are square (four-sided) and root at the nodes
Leaflet Number one 
Leaf Margin serrated/toothedscalloped
Leaf Hairs upper/lower surface 
Leaf/Leaflet Shape heart/kidney/spade 
Leaf Width  leaves vary in width, from more than 2 inches (50 mm) in diameter at the base of the plant to less than 1/2 inch (13 mm) for newly emerged leaves
Leaf Venation palmateprominent veins
Leaf Arrangement opposite 
Root Type fibrousroots are fibrous, but ground ivy also spreads via creeping stems that root at the node
Flower Color blue/purplebluish purple with reddish speckles