Common Name: betony, Florida
Species: Stachys floridana Shuttlew. ex Benth.
Bayer Code: STAFL

Florida betony is a hard-to-control perennial weed that emerges in the fall and becomes a problem in late winter and spring. It is easily recognized by the very characteristic white tuber that resembles a rattlesnake rattle. This weed also has square stems and produces white to pink flowers in the spring. It is found in the southern United States west to Texas and north to Virginia.
Florida betony
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Florida betony
Florida betony, back of leaf
Florida betony
Florida betony leaf arrangement
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CharacteristicTypeDescription
Growth Season perennial weed 
Growth Habit upright 
Leaflet Number one 
Leaf Margin serrated/toothed 
Leaf Hairs none 
Leaf/Leaflet Shape heart/kidney/spade 
Leaf Width 1/2 - 1 inch 
Leaf Venation palmate 
Leaf Arrangement opposite 
Root Type fibrousvery distinctive white rattlesnake tubers
Flower Color pink OR whitewhite to pink flowers